Personalized medicine

Personalised medicine, sometimes used interchangeably with ‘individualised’, ‘stratified’ or ‘tailor-made’ medicine, is based on the scientific knowledge that identical diseases can have different characteristics at the molecular level and that the metabolism of drugs depends on the genetic predisposition. The approach of personalised medicine is to find an individually adapted form of treatment for each patient on the basis of big data resources, such as a diagnostic recording of the genetic material. These data are then used to predict individual therapy and prevention success, in particular the reaction to certain drugs and the required dose. In addition to the result of the genetic analysis, factors such as the respective lifestyle, age and previous illnesses are included, which influence the therapeutic effectiveness.

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